The Evolution of Direct3D

* UPDATE: Be sure to read the comment thread at the end of this blog, the discussion got interesting.

It’s been many years since I worked on Direct3D and over the years the technology has evolved Dramatically. Modern GPU hardware has changed tremendously over the years Achieving processing power and capabilities way beyond anything I dreamed of having access to in my lifetime. The evolution of the modern GPU is the result of many fascinating market forces but the one I know best and find most interesting was the influence that Direct3D had on the new generation GPU’s that support Welcome to Thunderbird processing cores, billions of transistors more than the host CPU and are many times faster at most applications. I’ve told a lot of funny stories about how political and Direct3D was created but I would like to document some of the history of how the Direct3D architecture came about and the architecture that had profound influence on modern consumer GPU’s.

Published here with this article is the original documentation for Direct3D DirectX 2 when it was first Introduced in 1995. Contained in this document is an architecture vision for 3D hardware acceleration that was largely responsible for shaping the modern GPU into the incredibly powerful, increasingly ubiquitous consumer general purpose supercomputers we see today.

D3DOVER
The reason I got into computer graphics was NOT an interest in gaming, it was an interest in computational simulation of physics. I Studied 3D at Siggraph conferences in the late 1980’s Because I wanted to understand how to approach simulating quantum mechanics, chemistry and biological systems computationally. Simulating light interactions with materials was all the rage at Siggraph back then so I learned 3D. Understanding light 3D mathematics and physics made me a graphics and color expert roomates got me a career in the publishing industry early on creating PostScript RIP’s (Raster Image Processors). I worked with a team of engineers in Cambridge England creating software solutions for printing color graphics screened before the invention of continuous tone printing. That expertise got me recruited by Microsoft in the early 1990’s to re-design the Windows 95 and Windows NT print architecture to be more competitive with Apple’s superior capabilities at that time. My career came full circle back to 3D when, an initiative I started with a few friends to re-design the Windows graphics and media architecture (DirectX) to support real-time gaming and video applications, resulted in gaming becoming hugely strategic to Microsoft. Sony Introduced in a consumer 3D game console (the Playstation 1) and being responsible for DirectX it was incumbent on us to find a 3D solution for Windows as well.

For me, the challenge in formulating a strategy for consumer 3D gaming for Microsoft was an economic one. What approach to consumer 3D Microsoft should take to create a vibrant competitive market for consumer 3D hardware that was both affordable to consumers AND future proof? The complexity of realistically simulating 3D graphics in real time was so far beyond our capabilities in that era that there was NO hope of choosing a solution that was anything short of an ugly hack that would produce “good enough” for 3D games while being very far removed from the ideal solutions mathematically we had implemented a little hope of seeing in the real-world during our careers.

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Prepare Middle Acer Tablet screen Resolution WQHD With Tegra 4 CPU?

After a long time no hear, Acer reportedly serious secretly working on a new tablet model featuring support for NVIDIA Tegra 4 processor and high resolution screen.

Based on reports published by Notebook Italia on benchmark results for the latest Acer tablet with the model number of this TA272HUL reportedly has the support of NVIDIA Tegra 4 1.8GHz processor. Not only that, the new Acer tablet based on the Android 4.2.2 will also be equipped with a high screen resolution support WQHD (2560 × 1440 pixels) and 2GB of RAM.

The use of quad-core processor ARM Cortex-A15 will supposedly make the most of existing devices may have reliability and high-performance fast. Yes, that’s the least that has been disclosed in a relevant benchmark results support the processor models in Nenamark and Passmark recently.

And regardless of whether or not the existence of these rumors, unfortunately still unknown specific info from related parties so far.

Windows 7 Losing Steam in the Enterprise but Microsoft Holds Steady

While still the most popular operating system in the enterprise, including at midsize businesses, Microsoft Windows 7’s reality in this new age of business computing is that it is slowly losing market share. Mobile operating systems, like Android and iOS, and even Mac OS are quickly making inroads, largely driven by BYOD policies implemented by IT departments in the last few years.

Even with Windows 7 losing market share, Microsoft still rules the roost, however, as an overall analysis of current computer platform use at the enterprise revealed in late April at CITEWorld. Some businesses still use Windows XP. These companies still using XP need to take note that Microsoft is discontinuing support for the OS in April 2014.

Windows 8 Still to Come for the Midsize Business

In contrast to the leadership status held by Windows 7, Microsoft’s new OS, Windows 8, is making small inroads at the corporate level. Many midsize businesses appear hesitant to adopt 8, due to concerns about the usability of and training issues involved in rolling out the new tile-based operating system. Expect the next version of Windows to take steps to improve usability, including returning the Start button, and possibly offering an option to boot-up to the classic Desktop, instead of the newer Metro interface screen.

The CITEWorld article analyzes statistics revealed in a Forrest Research report on the growing operating system diversity at the enterprise. One statistic that perfectly illustrates the migration to alternate operating systems shows that while 67 percent of all computing devices were powered by a version of Windows in 2008, today 70 percent use alternatives. Of course, the rapid growth of mobile devices at the workplace played a major role in the increased diversity.

The Midsize Business Needs to Embrace Operating System Diversity

Even with Windows 7 losing market share, it is still a very popular OS at the midsize business. If the next version of Windows improves some of the issues with Windows 8, Microsoft will continue to maintain a role in business computing. Still, functional alternatives to Redmond exist and need to be considered at enterprises of all sizes.

A forward-thinking midsize business needs to allow for diversity in operating system choice, especially when considering mobile devices. As Cloud computing continues to grow in importance, hybrid tablet/notebook computers allow employees access to their work from home. A BYOD policy needs to consider this type of use, as it allows for improved efficiency as well as a potentially better work-life balance for employees. IT executives responsible for operating system choice at the midsize business need to realize that the days of one dominant operating system are over.

Logitech ® Mini Keyboard is Faithful Friend For Your iPad Mini

JAKARTA – Logitech introduced the Logitech ® Ultrathin Mini Keyboard, a keyboard cover that protects the iPad mini keyboard that comes with the elegant slim design that is specifically designed to maximize the experience of using the iPad mini.
Ultrathin Keyboard Logitech ® Mini helps in doing everything on your mini-iPad from enjoying apps, movies and photos, as well as deliver a comfortable typing experience-with its thin design, lightweight and stylish.
Kurniadih Sutanto, Indonesia Country Manager of Logitech said, Ultrathin Keyboard integral mini iPad mini. The design is smart and stylish will present a perfect protection for the screen iPad mini.
“Ultrathin Keyboard mini also offers a full-size keyboard that is integrated for a comfortable typing experience, quickly and smoothly,” he said in Jakarta, Friday (07/19/2013).
Logitech ® Keyboard Cover mini connected easily and safely with a mini iPad thanks to the availability of an integrated powerful magnetic clip. Logitech ® Keyboard Cover has a protective aluminum mini.
Products equipped with the Bluetooth button EasyType to deliver a comfortable typing experience and easy. EasyType button brings the traditional layouts in a smaller form, and accompanied by an iPad Mini shortcut keys to execute commands that are often used, such as copy, paste and other. Logitech ® Keyboard Cover mini also allows users to watch movies or videos without having to hold it with both hands.
Logitech ® Keyboard Cover mini has been equipped with features On / Off switch that makes the iPad mini can light up automatically when the cover is opened or enters standby mode when the cover is closed.
Logitech ® Keyboard Cover comes with a mini battery powered stand up to three months, making users have free time to type keyboard and not have to worry about running out of power.
Logitech ® Keyboard Cover Mini comes in black and white, and has been available in the Indonesian market with a retail price of USD 94.99 or about $ 1 million.

Intel Releases Low-Powered Atom Chips for Servers

Now that Intel Corp. (INTC) has released new chips for the smartphone market, where it has been squeezed out by competitors like ARM Holdings PLC (ARMH) and Qualcomm Inc. (QCOM), it has elected to restart its initiatives in the server business as well. Intel has three-quarters of that market, by most estimates. Although the opportunities in the corporate server market are not as great as those among consumers, it needs to keep its hold on one of its major franchises.

As it struggles to keep server share, it announced:

Intel revealed new details for the forthcoming Intel Atom processors C2000 product family aimed for low-energy, high-density microservers and storage (codenamed “Avoton”), and network devices (codenamed “Rangeley”). This second generation of Intel’s 64-bit SoCs is expected to become available later this year and will be based on the company’s 22nm process technology and the innovative Silvermont microarchitecture. It will feature up to eight cores with integrated Ethernet and support for up to 64GB of memory.

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The new products are expected to deliver up to four times the energy efficiency and up to seven times more performance than the first generation Intel Atom processor-based server SoCs introduced in December last year. Intel has been sampling the new Intel Atom processor server product family to customers since April and has already more than doubled the number of system designs compared to the previous generation.

The market probably will not need to wait long to see if the initiative works. Chip companies are fond of release data sales on new products, if they are successful. By the firm’s next earnings call, Wall Street will know if the new Atom product and the servers it runs will replace older ones in which systems were less efficient.

Doing Options The Right Way

Learn More about Yard Seeding, Lot Grading, and Snow Removal for Commercial Structures A lawn which can also be called as the yard, refers to the area of land covered with soil which can be planted with grasses or any other durable plants, and this can be found in residential and commercial properties. A lawn can only be classified as a highly maintained lawn, once the grasses planted on it is maintained at a short height, and mostly they are using a lawnmower which is a device designed specifically for the maintenance of the lawn. Lawn or yard seeding is defined as the project of property owners to seed an area of land and produce a lawn or yard for their property, and seeding the lawn is way cheaper than laying sod, however it may take longer to establish a lawn or yard. Early fall or when the soil is moist and warm is recognized as the best time to seed a yard or a lawn, and the process includes preparing the ground, scattering the seeds in an even manner, and lightly rake the area of land. Another project that is being practiced by residential or commercial properties is the one called as lot grading, and this is being implemented by the drainage bylaw due to the presence of flood caused by melting snow, runoff and heavy precipitation or rain. The land grading is designed and practiced as a preventive measure to avoid flooding, for the existence of flood can create problems to the different kinds of properties, may it be residential, industrial and commercial properties. The drainage bylaw basically consists the standard for drainage and lot grading, and the project of land grading is typically the responsibility of all property owners. The forms of ice crystals that tends to precipitate or formed from the atmosphere or the clouds is called as snow. The snow tends to affect the activities of the humans, which include the snow sports, such as snowboarding, snow machine travel and skiing; the warfare, such as degrading the performance of combatants, impeding their mobility, and impairing target acquisition; transportation, such as creating the need for keeping the wings, windows and roadways clear; the structures, such as covering the roofs and utility lines; and the agriculture, such as safeguarding livestock and providing water to crops. Snow removal which is also called as snow clearing, is basically described as the activity of the works of the people to remove or clear the snow in their property after a snowfall, and this is basically recognized as one of the project of each and every property owners. Snow clearing or snow removal is typically done to make the travel of the people easier and safer after a snowfall, for most snows tends to form or collect on the sidewalk, road, highways, parking lot and pathways.Looking On The Bright Side of Businesses

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5 Takeaways That I Learned About Companies

The Role Of A Business Development Manager For the growth and expansion of a business, business development manager plays a crucial role in its growth and for this, there is a significant demand for skilled and experienced individuals who can help businesses to flourish and achieve greater heights. In present economic scenario, nearly all major brands scan strategic locations with regards to major expansion plans. Without a doubt, this is action oriented role for those how have the capability of tracking business leads, comprehending products as well as services and develop efficient process to ramp up sales. Across different occupations, business development skills are integral requirement in job advertisements. Brokerages and insurance agencies, accounting firms, commercial banking and a lot more are some of the common industries which you can find business development managers are working. Out of the broad varieties of responsibilities they have, their main job is focused on generating and following up business leads, bring in more customers as well as other business proposals. Besides, such manager is expected to build partnership and at the same time, business relationships with other service providers, vendors and so forth. This is a requirement in order to add weight to the services and products. Yet another vital role that a business development manager has is seeking out new clients and keeping tabs on existing clients and also, their specific requirements.
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On top of that, they are working together with the marketing team and the product managers in the implementation and development of new strategies, business models and plans. Depending on the company they’re working with, the job roles these professionals have may vary. As an example, they may have to formulate financial predictions and analysis for the growth and expansion of the company.
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Similar to other job profiles, this also needs various skillset and specific personality traits before securing a position. For instance, business development manager needs to show in-depth industry knowledge, marketing, networking skills, enthusiasm, sales, communication as well as presentation skills, ability to reach sales target, research and prospect abilities, customer orientation and even multitasking skills and also, a decent understanding of the business model. In the event that you are applying for such position and has successfully got the position, expect to enjoy tons of benefits from relocation reimbursements, paid sick leave, paid vacation, life insurance, private medical insurance and so on. As you can see, the benefits of the job pay well. On the other hand, you have to know as well that the responsibilities and duties that such manager carry is not light as they’re expected to put the company in the game.